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The changing landscape of US Innovation

12th Dec 2017

This week’s Nature journal features an interesting article entitled “Papers to patents” authored by Ashish Arora et al. (Nature 552: S10; see here). The article highlights that US industry is spending less on research and development (R&D), while US academia’s research output is increasing. The authors suggest this trend is creating an innovation gap, for two main reasons: (1) the scale and integrated nature of research undertaken in large corporations cannot easily be replicated in universities; and (2) collaboration between R&D and manufacturing sectors within industry is a source of innovation unlikely to arise in academia.

While the volume and value of journal publications from US industry is diminishing, patents are becoming increasingly valuable for both US industry and academia. The latter phenomenon is attributable in part to the Bayh–Dole Act adopted in the US in 1980, permitting academic institutions to own inventions (and thus patents) arising from publicly funded research. US academic institutions are now more likely to commercialise their research, resulting in a correlated increase in the filing of patent applications.

Arora et al. suggest that although an innovation ecosystem where most research is performed by academia or small start-up companies may be more adaptable and efficient, concerns about the developing innovation gap continue.

This article is for general information only. Its content is not a statement of the law on any subject and does not constitute advice. Please contact Reddie & Grose LLP for advice before taking any action in reliance on it.

Michael Roberts
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Would you like to know more? You can talk to Michael Roberts who will be able to help. Call +44 (0)1223 360 350


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